美版知乎quora: 伊拉克、伊朗、印度、中国和埃及,哪个文明最古老

发布时间:2021-05-04 发表于话题:中国古文明和埃及古文明 点击:45 当前位置:黄埔网 > 教育 > 美版知乎quora: 伊拉克、伊朗、印度、中国和埃及,哪个文明最古老 手机阅读

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10 oldest Ancient civilizations ever existed

In the course of human evolution, at a certain point in time, the idea of living in a group with mutual understanding and dependency became a very useful and practical lifestyle. From such small isolated groups, communities were formed. Then came the societies which in due time became a civilization. How the human mentality and psychology led to this huge change is still a popular topic among the historians and anthropologist, and a major discussion for another day. For now, let’s talk about some of the oldest civilizations to have ever existed in the world. We are talking about the civilizations that we know, as fact, existed for real, unlike the ones that are shrouded by myths and beliefs (Atlantis, Lemuria, and Rama civilizations to name a few). To correctly map the oldest of the civilizations in a chronological order, it becomes necessary to go the very cradle of civilization. Having said that, here is a list of top 10 oldest civilizations to ever exist in the world, starting with the most recent one first.

曾经存在过的10个最古老的古代文明

在人类进化的过程中,相互理解、相互依赖的群体生活成为一种非常实用的生活方式。孤立的小群体形成了社区,后来,社会成为一种文明。人类思维是如何导致这一巨大变化的,这仍然是历史学家和人类学家的热门话题。现在,让我们来谈谈世界上最古老的一些文明。我们谈论的是我们所知道的文明,是真实存在的,不像那些被神话和信仰所笼罩的文明(亚特兰蒂斯、利莫里亚和罗摩文明等等)。要按时间顺序正确地绘制出最古老文明的地图,就有必要走到文明的发祥地。话虽如此,以下是世界上最古老的10个文明,从最近的开始说起。

The Incas Civilization

Civilization Name: Incas Civilization

Period: 1438 A.D – 1532 A.D

Originated Location: Present day Peru

Current Location: Ecuador, Peru and Chile

Major Highlights: largest Empire in South America in the Pre-Columbian era

印加文明

文明名称:印加文明

时间:公元1438-1532年

起源地:今天的秘鲁

当前位置:厄瓜多尔、秘鲁和智利

主要亮点:前哥伦布时代南美洲最大的帝国

The Aztecs Civilization

Civilization Name: Aztecs Civilization

Period: 1345 A.D – 1521 A.D

Originated Location: South-central region of pre-Columbian Mexico

Current Location: Mexican

Major Highlights: Nahuatl became the major language

阿兹特克文明

文明名称:阿兹特克文明

时期:公元1345-1521年

起源地:前哥伦比亚墨西哥中南部地区

当前位置:墨西哥

主要亮点:纳瓦特尔语成为主要语言

The Roman Civilization

Civilization Name: Roman Civilization

Period: 550 BC – 465 B.C

Originated Location: Village of the Latini

Current Location: Rome

Major Highlights: Most powerful Ancient Civilization

罗马文明

文明名称:罗马文明

时间:公元前550年-公元前465年

起源地:拉蒂尼村

当前位置:罗马

主要亮点:最强大的古代文明

The Persian civilization

Civilization Name: Persian Civilization

Period: 550 BC – 465 B.C

Originated Location: Egypt in the west to Turkey in the north, and through Mesopotamia to the Indus River in the east.

Current Location: Modern Day Iran

Major Highlights: Concept of Democracy and Senate, AnSenateOlympics

波斯文明

文明名称:波斯文明

时间:公元前550年-公元前465年

起源地:埃及在西部,土耳其在北部,并通过美索不达米亚东部印度河。

目前位置:如今的伊朗

主要亮:理念、参议院理念

Ancient Greek Civilization

Civilization Name: Greek Civilization

Period: 2700 BC – 1500 BC

Originated Location: Italy, Sicily, North Africa and as far west as France

Current Location: Greece

Major Highlights: Concept of Democracy and Senate, AnSenateOlympics

古希腊文明

文明名称:希腊文明

时间:公元前2700 -公元前1500年

起源地:意大利、西西里岛、北非,西至法国

当前位置:希腊

主要亮点:理念、参议院、奥运会

Chinese Civilization

Civilization Name: Chinese Civilization

Period: 1600 BCE-1046 BCE

Originated Location: Yellow River and Yangtze region.

Current Location: Country of China

Major Highlights: Invention of Paper and Silk

Ancient China – also known as Han China, comes in at number 5 and has doubtlessly one of the most diverse histories. In fact, if you consider all the dynasties from the very first to the very last that ever ruled in China, you get a significantly huge period of time that needs to be covered concisely.

The Yellow river civilization is said to be the cradle of the entire Chinese civilization as this is where the earliest dynasties were based. It was around 2700 BC that the legendary Yellow Emperor began his rule, a point in time that later led to the birth of many dynasties that went on to rule mainland China.

In 2070 BC, the Xia dynasty became the first to rule the entire China as described in ancient historical chronicles. From then on, there came a number of dynasties that held control over China in different periods of time until the end of Qing dynasty in 1912 AD with the Xinhai revolution. And thus ended more than a four millennia history of ancient Chinese civilization that fascinates historians and commoners alike to this day. But it did not happen before they gave the world some of the most useful inventions and products such as gunpowder, paper, printing, compass, alcohol, cannons and many more.

中国文明

文明名称:中华文明

时间:公元前1600年-公元前1046年

起源地:黄河、长江地区。

目前所在地:中国

主要亮点:纸和丝绸的发明

中国古代汉朝,排名第五,无疑是历史最丰富的国家之一。事实上,如果你考虑所有朝代,从第一个到最后一个统治中国的朝代,那是一段相当长的时间,需要简明扼要地描述。

黄河文明据说是整个中华文明的摇篮,因为这里是最早朝代的发祥地。大约在公元前2700年,传说中的黄帝开始了他的统治,之后诞生了许多朝代,这些朝代后来相继统治了中国大陆。

在公元前2070年,正如古代史书所描述的,夏朝成为第一个统治整个中国的朝代。从那以后,出现了几个朝代,在不同的时期控制着中国,直到1912年清王朝伴随着辛亥革命结束。这也结束了中国古代4000多年的文明史,直到今天,它仍然令史学家和普通百姓着迷。但是,在此之前。他们给世界提供了一些最有用的发明和产品,如火药、纸张、印刷术、指南针、酒精、大炮等等。

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