欧洲古地图上常见的“人向地图吹气”的图案有什么含义?

发布时间:2021-06-14 发表于话题:古代欧洲历史地图 点击:147 当前位置:黄埔网 > 教育 > 欧洲古地图上常见的“人向地图吹气”的图案有什么含义? 手机阅读
--更新下评论区里对题主疑问的解答,中文原答案在下面
Boreas - the most coldest and powerful wind - was depicted in the dramatic poses, dressed in a short cloth, which was moving round his body, the same as his curling hair and beard which were like flying. But later on this curly hair and beard were depicted more and more spiky. The vase-painters pictured small wings around his legs, but Pausanias was saying that the god had snake-tails and not normal feet. Also his sons - Zetesand Kalais(the comrades of Jasonin the Argo) became winged as they became adults and they were presented again with these small wings around their legs.
Zephyrus, the west wind, was a very fine and a pleasant one. People called him the protector of the plants, because he brought humidity for them. He was represented as a young man with a lovely face and long grooved hair while keeping flowers and fruit in his light wrapper, which was encircling his body. Later on he was named Favoniusby the Romans.
The south wind Notus was known as a very dynamic, stormy and dangerous wind especially when seamen were sailing. The Greeks were afraid of him, mainly when he blew together with the north wind. Notus was represented as a young, beardless man with long hair, covered by a short mantle with one open arm. He kept in his hands a vessel for water - hydria- from which all the rain was gushing out.
Eurus, the east wind, was bringing the bad storms, but he was more kind to the people, than his brothers Boreas and Notus. He also was wearing a short mantle encircling his body. He was depicted as a curly-headed man with an unkempt beard and with some sadness in his face. Sometimes he was called Apeliotus and the Romans called him Vulturnus.But Apeliotus was in reality the name for the southeast wind, which was giving to people a refreshing rain. Therefore they pictured him as a curly-hair man with a friendly expression, dressed in a light cloth and keeping inside his draping cloths some flowers. And his brother Lips (Livos), who was a lukewarm southwest wind, was also bringing rain.
The northwest wind was called by the Athenians Skeiron. According to Pausanias it was a smart wind, which was blowing over the Skeirons' cliffs and Molourian rocks to the sea. The name Skeiron was taken from the mythological events, connected with the king's son of Megara, who was described as an honest man, but according to the other myths Skeiron was a robber. Theseus, when he seized Eleusis, killed him and after established in his honor the Isthmian Games under the protection of Poseidon.
Kaikias, the northeast wind, had a bad name in Greece as the bearer of snow, coldness and blizzards. This was the reason, why he took this name and why he had this image. He was represented as a man with serious features in his face, with a long hair and a beard. Hail is dropping out from his round vessel, which he is always carrying.
所以地图上应该最多会有八个不同的“吹气的人”

原答案
如果全是一个人,应该就是Aeolus,希腊神话里的风神。
如果是四个不同的人,就是Aeolus的四个儿子,分别是东南西北风神。

图贴不上来,算了。。

http://www.dl.ket.org/latin/mythology/1deities/gods/lesser/aeolus.htm
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolus

终于来了,你看第一张图风格和地图完全一样对吧。。。至于含义,我想了下,第一就是标注风,第二是能用上这种地图的,且看年代大概都算在地理大发现时期内,那么主要是航海家使用这种地图,aeolus在《奥德赛》里面庇护了航海者,可能画上去起个守护神的作用。。。。吧?
以上均来自答主不靠谱猜测,欢迎讨论。

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